Animal Farm 1954 info:-
Animal Farm 1954, The British animation firm of John Halas and Joy Batchelor perform yeoman service in adapting George Orwell’s allegorical novel Animal Farm to the screen. As any high-school English student can tell you, the original 1945 novel was Orwell’s spin on the rise and fall of the Communist myth.
A group of intelligent animals overthrow their corrupt human owner and set up their own self-sustained farm, predicated on an idealistic credo: “All Animals are Created Equal”, “No Animal Shall Ever Drink Liquor”, “Four Legs Good: Two Legs Bad” etc.
But when Snowball the Pig (read: Trotsky) is overthrown by the despotic Napoleon (read: Stalin), all idealism goes out the window, and soon the pigs are ruling dictatorially over the other animals. Before long, Animal Farm operates on but one principle: “All Animals Are Created Equal.
But Some Are More Equal Than Others.” Orwell’s ironic ending, in which it becomes impossible to tell the difference between the Pigs and the Humans, is blunted in favor of a grafted-on happy ending, perhaps to mollify the kiddie trade. Maurice Denham supplies all the character’s voices, while Gordon Heath serves as narrator.
Animal Farm 1954 Plot:-
Manor Farm is a formerly prosperous farm that has fallen on hard times while suffering under the now-ineffective leadership of its aggressive and drunken owner, Mr. Jones. One night, Old Major, the prize pig and the second-oldest animal on the farm.
calls all of the animals on the farm together for a meeting, where he decries their abuse and unhappiness under Jones, encouraging the animals to oust him while emphasizing that they must hold true to their convictions after they have gained freedom. With that, he teaches the animals a revolutionary song before collapsing dead mid-song, much to their horror.
The next morning, Mr. Jones neglects to feed the animals for breakfast, and they decide to break into his storehouse to help themselves. When Mr. Jones wakes up, before threatening them with his whip, the animals revolt and drive him away from the farm, eventually renaming it “Animal Farm”.
Several of Jones’ acquaintances in the surrounding village rally against them, but are beaten back after a fierce fight. The animals begin destroying every trace of the farmer’s influence, starting with the weapons used against them.
A subsequent investigation of the farmhouse leads them to decide against living there, though one of the head pigs, an antagonistic boar named Napoleon, takes interest in the abandoned house. He finds a litter of puppies left motherless and begins to raise them in private.
The Commandments of Animalism are written on a wall of the barn to illustrate their community’s laws. The most important is the last, stating that: “All animals are equal.” All the animals work, but the workhorse, Boxer, and his friend Benjamin the donkey, who is also the film’s protagonist, put in extra work. Please See More Information…….
Animal Farm 1954 Production:-
The animation historian Brian Sibley doubts that the team responsible was aware of the source of the funding initiating the project, which came from the Central Intelligence Agency to further the creation of anti-communist art.
The “financial backers” influenced the development of the film: the altered ending, and that the message should be that “Stalin’s regime is not only as bad as Jones’ but worse and more sadistic,” and Napoleon “not only as bad as Jones but vastly worse”.
And the “investors” were greatly concerned that Snowball (the Trotsky figure) was presented too sympathetically in early script treatments, and that Batchelor’s script implied Snowball was “intelligent, dynamic, courageous”.
This implication could not be permitted. A memo declared that Snowball must be presented as a “fanatic intellectual whose plans if carried through would have led to disaster no less complete than under Napoleon”. De Rochemont accepted this suggestion.
Halas and Batchelor were awarded the contract to make the feature in November 1951 and it was completed in April 1954. The production employed a staff of about 80 animators. Much of the pre-release promotion for the film in the UK focused on it being a British film instead of a product of the Hollywood studios.
Scenes from Animal Farm, along with the 1954 TV program Nineteen Eighty-Four, were featured in “The Two Winstons”, the final episode of Simon Schama’s program A History of Britain.
Film critic C. A. Lejeune wrote at the time: “I salute Animal Farm as a fine piece of work… [the production team] have made a film for the eye, ear, heart, and mind”. Matyas Seiber’s score and Maurice Denham’s vocal talent have been praised specifically (Denham provided every voice and animal noise in the film).
Animal Farm 1954 Home media:-
Animal Farm was released on Super 8 film in the 1970s and received several home video releases in the UK and in America. American VHS releases were produced by Media Home Entertainment, Vestron Video, Avid Video, Wham! USA Entertainment.
and Burbank Video. Universal Pictures Home Entertainment released the film on DVD in the UK in 2003. In 2004, Home Vision Entertainment (HVE) released a ‘Special Edition’ DVD of the movie in the United States, including a documentary hosted by Tony Robinson.
Coincidentally with HVE’s release, Digiview Productions, which had assumed the movie was in the public domain, released it on DVD. However, Joy Batchelor, who retained the copyright for the movie, filed a lawsuit against the company. Batchelor won the lawsuit and Digiview filed for bankruptcy; it was later revived as Digiview Entertainment.